This enamel keychain features the bull terrier mascot of for Simplicissimus magazine, as depicted in Thomas Theodor Heine's 1897 poster for the publication. Heine served as the head illustrator at this satirical and combative magazine. He created the fierce bull terrier, which became a trademark representing the magazine's aggressive and unflinching critique of the state.
Heine (1867 - 1948) was a German painter and illustrator with an established career as a gifted caricaturist. He was one of the founding artists of Simplicissimus magazine. While serving as the head illustrator there his vehement critiques of the king and the church landed him with a multi-month prison sentence. In the 1920's and 30's his criticism became focused on the rise of National Socialism. This along with his Jewish heritage brought down the ire of the Nazi state and he was forced to flee Germany in 1933. He eventually arrived in Stockholm, where he lived until his death in 1948.